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Make a Encoder for your Bot

Need some help here. I want to build a cheap wheel encoder by myself. Now, my idea was to use a photodiode and a LED. What i don’t know is how to use the output from photodiode to put on a GPIO on my MCU board. Do i need some resistors or something. Aaaa, i need a high level of 5V for my GPIO. I

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Answer

Please study Links Below

Optical Encoder Project – “Many years ago, I competed in MASLab, an MIT competition to build an autonomous robot. A year or two after that, I was on the MASLab staff, helping prepare the hardware for the year’s competition. One of the projects I worked on was an optical encoder.”

About Encoders and How to Make an Encoder Wheel

“A typical encoder uses optical sensor(s), a moving mechanical component, and a special reflector to provide a series of electrical pulses to your microcontroller. These pulses can be used as part of a PID feedback control system to determine translation distance, rotational velocity, and/or angle of a moving robot or robot part.”

Make your own rotary encoder

Make your own rotary encoder

“In the first and second post of this series you saw the basics of how to use photointerrupters. Now it’s time for practice. We make a rotary encoder. Here we take a single photointerrupter that gives us the pulses we can count.”

Make Your Own Encoders chat – “I’m starting a┬Ědedicated┬Ěthread on the specific encoders I used on my Homebuilt platform. I had great results. A word about the encoder disks: they must be mounted PERFECTLY to achieve consistency. Perfectly flat, true, and concentric.

Incremental Optical Encoders

Here is a method for making an encoder with two sensors for your application. If you only need speed sensing, you may want to skip down to the construction section. The important variables are the radius of the circle (r), the distance between the two optical sensors (s), and the number of divisions in the wheel (d). …..

Incremental Optical Encoders

Ananth –

Use a photointerrupters, even from an old wheel mouse if you want or build one. Then you need a Wheel with stripes and a Schmitt Trigger Gate or Comparator

Energy Harvesting in Shoes for Small Devices

Walking is a Source of Energy that can be Harvested to Power LEDs or Wearables. It may one day Recharge your Smartphone or tablet. Just start running when the Battery goes low on your Phone. – Ananth

Here is the first page that will interest you – Parasitic Power Shoes Project

Power LED Shoes

“… environmental energy sources can begin to replace batteries in certain wearable subsystems. In this spirit, this effort has examined devices that can be built into a shoe, (where excess energy is readily harvested) and used for generating electrical power “parasitically” while walking.”

Piezoelectric Energy Scavenging In Shoes

Goal: To develop a rugged piezoelectric shoe insert and complementary conditioning electronics for unobtrusive, parasitic harvesting of the compression energy normally lost while walking

Read more at Piezo Power Shoes with LEDs