Jason Neals DIY Audio and Electronics

Dual Polarity Power Supply
Two versions of a dual polarity power supply with printed circuit board artwork. The supplies are built around the popular LM317 & 337 complementary voltage regulators which offer very high ripple rejection as well as short-circuit and thermal protection.

Jason Neals DIY Audio and Electronics

Microphone Preamplifier
A battery-powered microphone preamplifier and microphone wand for acoustic tests and recording. The preamplifier features 20dB of switchable gain and a clipping indicator,

Jason Neals DIY Audio and Electronics
An interesting website with many photos of electronic projects. There are not many projects but the description and photos and documentation are very useful for learning the art of circuit design.

Experiments with the LM2575

The standard buck regulator circuit delivers a +5V output. This is a rather straightforward circuit and will operate with a wide spread of component values. Optimal values should be selected however to get minimal ripple, minimal noise to the power source, maximum efficiency etc. Note that the quiesent current is about 10 to 14mA.

Experiments with the LM2575

Here is a nice way of using this regulator, this can be used for CMOS opamps as you have a -5V too. That means a portable instrument may find this design useful.

The TI Datasheet Layout Guidelines

LM2575 Switching Regulator
LM2575 – Step-Down Adjustable Voltage Switching Regulator with Output Enable

 The Spirit of Hacking and Fixing, Giving back Life to Old Instruments.

Fluke 8050A LCD display replaced with LED seven-segment

“Recently I was able to cheaply buy a second hand Fluke 8050A made in the early eighties. It is a nice 4.5 desktop digit meter, but a typical problem seems to be that the LCD wears out and goes black. Replacement LCD displays are hard to find, not cheap and probably lead to similar problems in due time.”

Charger for Portable Devices

This is a simple charger you can build for devices. It can be modified for any device. This may need no modification for devices that are charged using PC USB port.

Power Electronic Circuits

Charger for Portable Devices

This is a Schematic Doodle called Schoodle. Use it for Learning and understanding. Build and test only when you have practiced and gone beyond simple electrical and electronic circuits. Mistakes can damage your portable device or even waste your components. Hence take care, work systematically, not like me. See the mess i have created below.

Voltage regulator 15V 5A Dual Supply

The fig. 6.2 shows the circuit of a regulated power supply for +/- 15 V and 5 A. The output voltages are adjustable between 12 and 17 V.

A tape-wound core transformer is used. It offers a better power-to-volume ratio than conventional ones with laminated cores. The voltage control is achieved by two series transistors, connected in parallel, and by the opamp TAA 761, which acts as control amplifier. For the negative voltage the ground potential serves as reference level for the desired-to-actual value comparison.

The voltage is adjusted by the potentiometers P1 and P2, whereby the center tap of P2 is set firstly to 0. Then both output voltages can be adjusted symmetrically through P1 (range between 12 V and 17 V, for instance).

NPN power-transistors are used as series-control components for the positive as well as negative voltage. Since two transistors 2N3055 have to be connected in parallel for each output voltage, 0.22 ohm resistors are inserted in their emitter leads to achieve a symmetrical load splitting.

Fig. 6.2

Voltage regulator 15V 5A Dual Supply

Technical data:

Mains voltage …. 220V ±15% 50Hz
Output voltages …. ±15V (adjustable from 12 to 17V)
Max. output current …. 5A each
Max. ambient temperature …. 50 deg C

Mains transformer

Tape-wound core …. 2xSE 130a
Primary windings (220 V) …. n1 = 490 turns, d = 1.0 mm o/
Secundary windings …. n2 = n3 = 50 turns, d2 = d3 = 1.8 mm o/
Ordering code …. B71725-A130-A2

Thermal resistance of heat sinks

for each transistor 2N3055 …. Rth </= 2.5 K/W
for each transistor BD234 …. Rth </= 23 K/W or
for each transistor BDX27 …. Rth </= 38 K/W

Power Supply Circuits – Voltage regulator ± 15 V/5 A
from Design Examples of Semiconductor Devices – Siemens – 1974/75

Did you know ?

Siemens Semiconductors was spun off on April 1 1999 to form a separate legal entity Infineon Technologies AG

for Information about these pages and purpose, see About Olden Circuits

Parallel Controlled Power Supply

Parallel-controlled circuits operate as self-controlled, variable resistors, connected in parallel to the load impedance (parallel loads). They react extremely fast and also control immediately pulses and very short mains break-downs, resulting from strong loads. These devices are preferably used in TV receivers, which have a B-class operated audio output stage. Without any parallel control the picture width is influenced inconveniently by the rhythm of speech and music. However not only in TV receivers a parallel control circuit is advantageous, but there are also a lot of applications requiring such a design.

The parallel control circuit can also be described as a “z-diode booster”, which offers, however, the great advantage, that the power dissipation of the control transistor can be reduced to a quart of that of a z-diode representing the same function. Thus the collector resistor can take the total parallel-load when the transistor is switched on. Supposing that half of the voltage is available at the collector, only half of the current flows through the transistor, power dissipation of which is only a quart of the total power consumption of the parallel load. The circuits 1 and 2 are proportioned for a parallel load of </= 6 W. In many cases the former is sufficient. It is characterized by a remaining control voltage of < 250 mV. The circuit no. 2 consists of two stages and improves the voltage control to about 20 to 50 mV. The small elaborateness of only one transistor and one resistor is advantageous in many cases.

fig. 6.1 and 6.1.1

Parallel Controlled Fixed Power Suppy

The circuits of fig. 6.1 and 6.1.1 are designed for fixed output voltages. The resistance of Rv is determined on the control range, on the value of the supply voltage and on its fluctuation. The maximum range of power control is determined by the resistance of Rp (control resistor).

Fig. 6.1.2 and 6.1.3

Parallel Controlled Adjustable Power Suppy

The circuits of fig. 6.1.2 and 6.1.3 are dimensioned for a power of 15 or 30 W. The output voltage is adjustable in a range of 24 to 35 V, for instance. As it can be seen the circuit of fig. 6.1.3 employs only one transistor, the Darlington-transistor BD 675.

Power Supply Circuits – Parallel-Control Circuits
from Design Examples of Semiconductor Devices – 1974/75 of Siemens – The Silicon Pioneers

for Information about these pages and purpose, see About Olden Circuits

Adj positive 1.25VDC to 24VDC PS

Adj positive 1.25VDC to 24VDC PS

Adjustable Output Positive Voltage Power-Supply Kit (Adj. output 1.25V to 24 VDC) is an electronics board (kit) that allows you to connect up to 30V AC or DC on one side of the board and get adjustable VDC regulated on the other side. Every lab should have a few of these boards handy. The boards will allow you to easily power all your analog components (i.e. op-amp). The Terminal Block TB connector is included and makes it easy to use.


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