I fixed a China Torch with New LEDs and a Diode, it failed probably on a drop shock, the battery wire cut … then when put on charge Few LEDs went bad, as battery was absent in ckt.
design review – 1.5uF voltage rating can increase like 440V AC. A current source with low dropout voltage would be great but it builds the cost. The wiring has to be robust. A diode added to keep LED current within some limits on batt overcharge.
These type of Torches and Lanterns should not be Turned on when charging. This may blow the LED Array.
LED Night lamp, Clock Lamp to see time at night. It is a Green Lamp just 50mA, but its Blue in Color.
This can be a first LED Lighting project anybody can do. Just twist wire, use insulation tape. Get a Nice Mains adapter that will provide 6V DC. 5V also will do. A prior Knowledge of Ohm’s law is essential.
LED’s are used as Indicators, Annunciations and now for Lighting. When i used to make gadgets, there was only Red, Yellow and Green and nothing In-between.
Now we have Blue ! and White as in Flashlight and probably much more like Oled and LED Monitors and TV. Here are some Old and New Schoodles of mine. Schoodle is a Schematic Doodle. Another English word from dapj Tech. My earlier Word and Acronym Creations have never been credited, please don’t miss this time. Don’t credit the Idea Squirrels.
Mains Adapter Converts 230V AC 50 Hz to Rectified DC which replaces a Battery Pack. It was also called Battery Eliminator by older generations as it was used to save Battery Cost in AM Radios.
A Doodle in a Schematic Diagarm or a Circuit with Doodles is known as Schoodle. Here are some Drawings of mine which can be called Borderline Schoodles.
The most important product safety aspect is the transformer, may it be well isolated, may it use a split bobbin, may it have a visible insulation between primary and secondary. May the thin primary wires not slip into the secondary .. when not using split core. Use a Layer to layer insulation for better safety. Use a nice laminated thin sheet alloy core stack, then no hum and no heat. vacuum impregnate magnetics. May the customer be safe and sound.
Remember only if we keep a customer alive, he will buy more products. From medicines to transport, from bread to gadgets. The customer is the most valuable asset. If he is kept Alive and Healthy and in a Cheerful mood … He will Buy !!
This is a Generic charger that is made by many brands, the circuit is an approximation of all. Some improvements suggested. Some brands in europe and usa also use this circuit. This works well, but may not be in the best interest of battery life. The cost of the charger needs to be low. So this design or configuration is popular.
The more care you show in the charger’s battery charging and discharging; the longer its life. Today i manage my UPS batteries manually, both charge and discharge. The batteries are expensive, there is no better way, that is affordable.
Take batteries seriously – this is the source of transportation, power, solar energy reservoir etc. More so in the Future – start here Battery University.