Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories

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MERL is the North American arm of the Corporate R&D of Mitsubishi. MERL conducts application-motivated basic research and advanced development in optimization, control and signal processing.

Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories

Mechatronics – Advanced control algorithms, system dynamics, modeling & performance analysis….

Digital Communications – High speed mobile communications, ubiquitous networking, reliable wireless…

Data Analytics – Predictive analytics (statistical machine learning, data analysis); decision analytics…

TR2003-35 Very Low-Cost Sensing and Communication Using Bidirectional LEDs

A novel microprocessor interface circuit is described which can alternately emit and detect light using only an LED, two digital I/O pins and a single current limiting resistor. This technique is first applied to create a smart illumination system that uses a single LED as both light source and sensor.


Bidirectional communication with LEDs

These test boards use a simple protocol for data transfer which allows two unsynchronized devices to phase-lock to each other and exchange pulse-width- modulated data bidirectionally. A basic explanation of the protocol is that the two devices take turns ?ashing their LEDs at each other. A short ?ash indicates a 0 or SPACE state, and a long ?ash indicates a 1 or MARK state.

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