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Macro photography – Close-up Photography

I saw some photos of products, some images were good, some focus lost, few of them dim. Even i had lot of trouble with photographing objects. So here is a collection of resources to improve this skill of Indoor Macro photography.

Macro photography  is extreme close-up photography, usually of very small subjects and living organisms like insects. Electronic Product Photography is a Branch of commercial photography and similar in most respects to food photography.

 food and product photography

Macro photography

Apart from technical photography and film-based processes, where the size of the image on the negative or image sensor is the subject of discussion, the finished print or on-screen image more commonly lends a photograph its macro status.

“Macro” lenses specifically designed for close-up work, with a long barrel for close focusing and optimized for high reproduction ratios, are one of the most common tools for macro photography. (Unlike most other lens makers,

Plonsky – Macrophotography Article

“….see the bug in more detail than we could in real life. That is what got me started and what I enjoy so much about macros. They let you see what you ordinarily cannot. As a scientist, I am quite curious by nature…”

High Speed Photography – HSP

Here is a small list of photography related circuit and projects including High Speed Photography or HSP that uses Electronic Circuits to operate the Trigger or Lens Shutter.

High Speed Photography

“Many physical processes evolve on timescales shorter than the human eye can resolve. Effectively, this means the details of how the process changes with time are lost in a blur. High speed photography, or HSP, is simply photography with extremely short exposure times,….

High Speed Photography - HSP

….All control systems can be classified into one of two broad types – Open Loop and Closed Loop. The difference between them is the use of feedback via input signal. For the DIY high speed photographer, the difference equates to reliability, expense and simple electronics. ”

Lightning Activated Camera Shutter Trigger

This circuit is used to trigger a camera’s electronic shutter circuit when a flash of lightning is present. This circuit would also work for photographing fireworks displays or other events involving flashes of light.

Darkroom Camera Shutter Timer

This circuit was designed to control a film exposure shutter for a darkroom. It has 8 time steps ranging from 0.35 seconds to 4 seconds

Motorized Video Camera Mount

This article describes a motorized, waterproof mount for a miniature video camera. If a suitable waterproof camera is used, this unit can be used outdoors.

Circuit Exchange International

There are ten categories of schematics, a unified circuit analysis, design and theory page, and also a practical electronic section. The simulation section features the “TINA” and “Circuit Maker” programs. (this is a first generation website )

Circuit Exchange International

Some interesting sections are Alarms & Security Circuits, Control & Interfacing, Radio Circuits, Power Supplies & Circuits, Timing Circuits.

Circuit Exchange International


First created back in March 1999 and intended for electronics hobbyists, engineers and enthusiasts everywhere. Currently there are 310 schematics divided into 11 categories. Also included are tutorials, design and simulation sections.  – Andy Collinson

Getting Started in Electronics – Forrest M Mims III

Begin With the Basics – Learn about static electricity and how to make magnets and solenoids. Find out about direct current and alternating current. Then learn about electrical circuits that use batteries and lamps.

Getting Started in Electronics – Forrest M Mims III

Getting Started in Electronics - Forrest M Mims III

Other Books –

  • The Forrest Mims engineer’s notebook
  • The Forrest Mims circuit scrapbook

Forrest Mim’s Science Web site

Mims was interested in science at an early age, and he built an analog computer as a high school science fair project in 1960. While memorizing his Latin class vocabulary words, Mims conceived a computer that could translate twenty words from one language to another.

Forrest M. Mims III is an American amateur scientist

The input was six potentiometers (variable resistors) each having a dial with 26 letters. Entering the first six letters of the word on the potentiometers set a total electrical resistance. The memory of known words was a bank of 20 screwdriver-adjustable trimmer resistors.

Electronics Tutorials – Ian Purdie VK2TIP

Offering free comprehensive basic electronics tutorials in amplifiers, antennas, ham radio, filters, oscillators, power supply, receivers, test equipment, transmitters, radio design and electronics design. Links to data sheets and electronics reference and text books.

Electronics Tutorials – Ian Purdie VK2TIP

Amateur Radio, Amplifiers, Antennas, Basic Electronics, Ham Radio, Oscillators, Test Equipment.

Starting out you need to cover simple electronics which encompasses the topics of ohms law, voltage, current, resistance, capacitance, inductance, reactance, impedance and Q. Further topics in these electronics tutorials are power supply basics as well as digital basics.

Electronics Tutorials - Ian Purdie VK2TIP

What are voltage controlled oscillators

A voltage controlled oscillator or as more commonly known, a vco, is an oscillator where the principal variable or tuning element is a varactor diode.

Electrician Tool – Continuity Tester

I had gone to buy some long wires at a electrician shop, when a terminal box had to be tested, he used a continuity tester.

When i used to buy electrical parts in the past, they used a tester box, made of wood. This had a bulb and a tubelight starter and two long wires (230v AC). The Continuity tester would light up a 40w lamp. Now he had a LED based one, so i got one for myself.

Electrician Tool - Continuity Tester

All it had, was two small cells in a plastic box with a LED, i was just flashing the LED as it looked nice thru the transparent box, it failed. The LED had burnt, the battery used. This product was not for monkeying around.

Now i performed a tiny design upgrade, I used a extra-bright 3mm Red LED with a 47 ohm resistor. Now it is robust, at least for continuity. The battery life can be good only if you make quick checks.

Improvements –

More protection may be needed to avoid damage to LED when this tester is applied across a battery by mistake. LED can flash to save battery power, one SMD – LM339 can be used for flashing and a more efficient short-leakage detector. A small oscillator with a neon may be more efficient and bright. This can also double up as a hidden Live wire or Mains AC detector.

Continuity Tester Circuit

A single chip metal detector with a range of a few inches. This is useful for detecting nails or screws in walls and floors, or for locating buried mains cable.

Continuity Tester

This article describes a simple continuity tester, based on an ATtiny85 and a piezo buzzer, designed for checking circuit wiring, or tracing out the tracks on a PCB:

Electronic Fifteen LED Roulette

The following was submitted on July 11th, 2007. Message: I want to combine Ne555 with 74154 IC.The indication of the outputs must be shown with LED’s but up to so far it need 15 outputs ,is it possible the way i did? if not i will need your assistance

Mail from CY

LED running lights are used to decorate Christmas Trees, Festival Surroundings and even  Buildings. A Clock and a counter are basically required. Many LEDs can be used in parallel with driver transistors. Upto 15 count is is good enough. Many colors can be used and with a PWM or VCO you can make it Audio or Music effects lights like strobe lights.

Electronic Fifteen LED Roulette

Electronique Réalisations – Roulette

Multi-Colored LEDs and drivers and even PIC microelectronics with Visual Effects in the form of ROM tables can make Alphabets and Numbers appear in LED arrays. Some have made Mini Ocillosocpes and Toy Spectrum Analyzers too in LED DOT Matrix Arrays.
LED Sequencer Circuit

The above circuit is another variation of a basic LED sequencer circuit. Note again the use of the 555 as a clock. The 555 is likely one of the most versatile chips ever invented. The output of the 555 is coupled to a 4017 Decade Counter Divider another very widely used chip

555 and CD4017 Running Lights